Crucifixion of St. Peter, Luca Giordano

For a long time it was believed that he was nothing more than a masterly artist, capable of creating shallow, bravura, monotonous decorative compositions that prepared the ground for the subsequent Rococo. However, the researchers, given the peculiarity of the practice of that era, when many of the orders made by the painter, for the most part were executed by students and apprentices, singled out genuine works from his work and discovered an extraordinary, deep virtuoso. Giordano was a student of the Spaniard Husse Ribera, but was open to other influences, in particular Pietro da Cortona, the Renaissance Venetians and especially Veronese. According to the custom prevailing in the artistic environment, Giordano took a trip to Rome and Venice.

Description of the picture:

Crucifixion of St. Peter – Luke Giordano. 1655-1660. Canvas, oil. 196×258   The Neapolitan Luca Giordano (1632-1705) was extremely fruitful. Today, his work (several thousand works), “moving” from palaces and temples, are in many museums around the world.

Picturesque manner of life scenes St. Peter arose under the influence of this trip. Compositional diagonals sharply outline the surface of a large canvas, a powerful relief of stressed human bodies is affirmed in the foreground, emitting energy waves, making the viewer shudder from a brutal tragedy. The fisherman from Galilee, Simon, became one of Christ’s called disciples: “Jesus, looking at him, said: you are Simon, son of Jonin; you will name Kif, which means stone. ” (Kifa – in Aramaic, in Greek – Peter.) Under the Emperor Nero in sixty-four e. the elderly Peter was crucified on the cross, fulfilling the request of the executed: considering himself unworthy to die, as Teacher, he asked him to be crucified upside down.